Some of the organization of our language.
First, second, and third person. Start with pronouns and self!
I you he/she/it
The verbs are arranged both by 'person' and by tense (time) -- you probably have heard of conjugating verbs.
Simple present will give you an easy example
Singular: first, second, third -- I walk, you walk, he/she/it walks
Plural: first second third -- we walk, you walk, they walk
You know that an S is added to make a (regular) plural for a noun -- dog, dogs.
You see above that for the verb, S is added to the singular.
It's important to know the function of a pronoun as a subject or an object.
As a subject you say: You and I are going to the store.
As object, Jane is coming with me; Jane is coming with you and me.
*** PRONOUNS ***
> As subject (of the verb)
1 * I
am the first person
2 * you
are the second person
3 * he, she, it
is the third person
>As object (of the verb, of the preposition):
just think of the kids: "Johnny hit me!" (object of the verb)
object of prepositions with and to: Mary, please come with me; give the parcel to me.
= some misunderstand function; see more in section on I/me below)
= pretty easy; overused? never changes! (cuz we don't use thee any more)
him, her, it
= as appropriate!
(the dog bit him! she took the dog with her; the store is close to it)
2 you (what else?)
PRONOUNS AS ADJECTIVES, ie modifying nouns
s (I): This is my pencil
pl (we): our pencils
it's not your pencil
His pencils are blue, her pencils are red; the dog was wagging its tail
Their pencils are in the other box.
Some people think they're being more polite or fancy if they avoid using I but they then use a reflexive pronoun which is to be used to 'reflect' on the subject as in:
I helped myself. We helped ourselves.
You yourself can drive. You yourselves can drive.
He washed himself off; she herself cleaned up; it hurt itself on the trampoline;
they caught themselves in time.
Remember that if you use the reflexive pronoun, myself (or herself) for example, you have to have used I (or she) first.
Well, I got sidetracked, didn't I.
for/with you and me (NOT myself)
As for me, ..... (NOT myself)
I'm fine, and you? (NOT yourself)